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FOUNDATIONS AND DONATIONS:POLITICAL FINANCING, CORRUPTION,AND THE PURSUIT OF POWERPROF EDMUND TERENCE GOMEZLALITHA KUNARATNAM12th April 2021

State ownedExamples offoundationsFamily ownedPolitical partly linkedPrivately linked Registry ofSocieties ofMalaysia Ministry ofHome AffairsCCMParked under the PrimeMinister’s DepartmentROSGovernment-owned(federal level) CompaniesCommissionof Malaysia Ministry ofDomesticTrade andConsumersAffairs

Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin Malaysia's 8th PrimeMinister Parti Pribumi BersatuMalaysia (Bersatu)President Member of Parliament forPagoh, Johor

Foundations controlled by or linked to MuhyiddinYayasan PelaburanBumiputra *Government linkedfoundationsYayasan AmanahHartanahBumiputera *Yayasan EkuitiNasional *Yayasan PenerajuPendidikanBumiputera *Privately linkedfoundations* Muhyiddin was former director or trusteeTSM Charity GolfFoundationYayasan NurulYaqeen

Known donors to TSM Charity Golf FoundationGentingMalaysia BhdTropicanaCorporationBhdTop GloveCorporationDRB-HicomBhd & YayasanAlbukhary*Hong LeongFoundationRM1 milRM1.5 mil inkindRM1 mil inkindRM5 milRM250K* The pledge for a joint contribution was made during the TSM Charity Golf Challenge 2015 Muhyiddin stated that, as of October 2019, this foundation has accumulated RM27 million indonations since its inception in 2003, channelling approximately RM24 million to charitableprojects.

Was there a political agenda behind the social programmes ofTSM Charity Golf Foundation?Charitable contributionsviaBersatu Hulu SelangorBersatu Lembah PantaiBuilding a RM1 mil dialysiscentrenext to Pagoh UMNOdivision complexMuhyiddin’s constituency

Known donors to Yayasan Nurul Yaqeen*PeroduaYayasan Aeon MalaysiaGrant by Women,Family and CommunityDevelopment [email protected]?* The patron of this foundation is Muhyiddin’s wife [email protected] As per The Series 1 of the Auditor-General's Report 2012

DATUK SERI ANWAR IBRAHIM Opposition leader President of Parti Keadilan Rakyat(PKR) Member of Parliament for PortDickson, Negeri SembilanDATUK SERI WAN AZIZAH WAN ISMAIL Former President of PKR Member of Parliament for Pandan,SelangorAnwar

Known donors to Yayasan Aman?All cash donations made to this foundationare tax exempted

Was there a political agenda behind the social programmes ofYayasan Aman?Charitable contributionsPandanPort DicksonWan Azizah’s constituencyAnwar’s constituency

Case Study 1Datuk Seri Najib Razak Malaysia's 6th PrimeMinister Member of Parliament forPekan, Pahang Former President ofUMNONajib

Foundations linked to NajibYayasan PelaburanBumiputra *Yayasan AmanahHartanah Bumiputera*Government linkedfoundationsYayasan EkuitiNasional *Yayasan PenerajuPendidikanBumiputera *Yayasan 1MDB*Allegedly linked to the1MDB scandalNoah FoundationFamily linkedfoundationsPrivately linkedfoundationYayasan RahahAllegedly linked to the1MDB scandalYayasan Rakyat1MalaysiaAllegedly linked to the1MDB scandal* Najib was former director or trusteeNajib

Known donor to Yayasan Rahah, Yayasan 1MDB, and YR1M1MDBRM839K*RM100 milYayasanRahahRM210 milYayasan1MDBYR1M GentingGroupPetronasRM230 milRM3 mil* As per 1MDB forfeiture suit As per court testimonies, funders to YR1M were 1MDB, Petronas and Genting GroupNajib

Was there a political agenda behind the social programmes ofthese foundations?Yayasan RahahYayasan 1MDBAids victims ofdisaster esp. in PekanSponsor PM’s specialhaj programmesNajib’s constituencyYR1MHeavy charitablecontributions duringthe 13th GE in PenangHaj candidatesallegedly nominatedby UMNO chiefsFund various socialendeavours inSarawakAn important electionbattlegroundAhead of the Sarawakstate electionNajib

Case Study 2Datuk Seri Ahmad ZahidHamidi Former Deputy PrimeMinister Member of Parliament forBagan Datuk, Perak President of UMNOZahid

Foundations linked to ZahidYayasan PelaburanBumiputra *Government linkedfoundationsYayasan AmanahHartanah Bumiputera*Yayasan EkuitiNasional *Yayasan PenerajuPendidikanBumiputera *UMNO Youth linkedfoundationYayasan GerakbaktiKebangsaan *Family linkedfoundationYayasan Al-FalahEmbroiled in Zahid’sCBT caseYayasan AkalbudiEmbroiled in Zahid’sCBT casePrivately linkedfoundationsYayasanPembangunan AsetPulau Pinang *Yayasan PercetakanAl-Quran MushafMalaysia* Zahid was former director or trusteeZahid

Known donors to Yayasan AkalbudiNg Hong SingChia Bee EnterpriseMohd Jimmy WongRM6 milRM10 milRM9 mil* As per court testimoniesZahid

Yayasan Akalbudi’s funds were allegedly:Misappropriated(RM31mil)Zahid’s personal creditcardsInsurance and road taxfor 20 vehiclesbelonging to ZahidTransferred to YayasanAl-Falah OthersRM9.3 mil This foundation is chaired by Zahid’s younger brother Mohammad Nasaee Ahmad Tarmizi As per court testimoniesZahid

Case Study 3Datuk Seri Tengku AdnanTengku Mansor Former Minister of theFederal Territories Member of Parliament forPutrajaya Former secretary-general ofUMNOAdnan

Foundations linked to AdnanFormer ChairmanGovernment or Statelinked foundationYayasan WilayahPersekutuanPrivately linked foundationYayasan Al-MansoriahAllegedly linked tocontroversial dealsinvolving DBKLChairmanAdnan

Known joint venture partners of Yayasan Wilayah PersekutuanPanoramaBenua SBLakaran CeriaSBSyarikatKontrektorMuda JayaSBAspireCauseway SBMemangPerkasaExpected to register profits ofRM138 millionAdnan

Known donors to Yayasan Wilayah PersekutuanPertama MakmurSBTekad WarisanSBEuro Saga SBYayasanAlbukharyRM1.5 milRM0.6 milRM1.3 milRM5 mil As per written reply by former Federal Territories Minister Khalid SamadAdnan

Was there a political agenda behind the social programmes of la LumpurLabuanAdnan’s constituencyAdnan

Known donors to Yayasan Al-MansoriahBerjaya CorporationBhdBuddhist Maha ViharaTsunami Relief FundRM200KRM300KAdnan

Was there a political agenda behind the social programmes of thisfoundation?Construction ofIslam-centredschools eh*Cambodia*Adnan’sconstituency* Places where Adnan’s private company, Tadmansori Holdings SB, has business interestsAdnan

Case Study 4Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor Second wife of formerPrime Minister NajibRazak She did not hold anyofficial position Founded YayasanPermata in 2011Rosmah

Known donors to Yayasan PermataRM4.4 mil1MDBYayasanAlbukhary porationRM4.9 mil*RM229.17mil #1MDBPrimeMinisterDepartment* As per 1MDB forfeiture suit# This foundation was parked under the Prime Minister’s Department during Najib’s administration. It received tremendousallocation, notably RM229.17 million for 2016 until 2018. Funded the construction costs of Phase 3 of PERMATApintar complexRosmah

Case Study 5Tan Sri Musa Aman Former Sabah ChiefMinister Former UMNO LiaisonChief Former Chairman ofYayasan Sabah (a staterun foundation)Musa

Yayasan Sabah’s funds were allegedly misappropriated Logging concessionairesSabah UMNO Division(via proxies)Musa’s sons As per the allegations in Yayasan Sabah’s statement of claim dated June 2020. However, Musareciprocated by sending a letter of demand to Yayasan Sabah and the then Chief Minister andfoundation ChairmanMusa

Case Study 6Datuk Seri Abdul AzeezAbdul Rahim Member of Parliamentfor Baling, Kedah UMNO Supreme CouncilmemberAzeez

Foundations linked to AzeezGovernment linkedfoundationsYaPEIMFormer ExecutiveChairmanAllegations ofmismanagement of fundsYayasan Tabung HajiFormer TrusteeImplicated in aninvestigation over fundsYayasan PembangunanRakyat BalingUMNO linked foundationKelab Putera 1MalaysiaImplicated in aninvestigation of fundmismanagementBetter Nation FoundationPrivately linkedfoundationsYayasan Gerak FikirAzeez

Known donors to YaPEIM, YTH and KP1MYaPEIMBacked byGovernmentMembers ofPublicYTHKP1MSocial welfarearm of TabungHaji?Azeez

Was there a political agenda behind the social programmes ofthese foundations?YaPEIMKP1MYTHSome funds were allegedlyused for electioncampaigningHeavy charitablecontributions during amassive flood in PenangRM22 mil were allegedlydisbursed for politicallylinked activitiesAn important electionbattlegroundAzeez

Case Study 7Datuk Dr NasharudinMat Isa Former Member ofParliament for Yan,Kedah and Bachok,Kelantan Former PAS DeputyPresidentNasharudin

Foundations linked to NasharudinGovernment linkedfoundationGlobal Movement ofModerates Foundation(GMMF)Embroiled in CBT caseYayasan NassarEmbroiled in CBT casePrivately linkedfoundationsYayasan Al-Quds MalaysiaNasharudin

Funds were allegedly misappropriated:Yayasan NassarGlobal Movement ofModerates FoundationTo pay his and hisfamily’s personalexpensesChannel to his privatecompany WasatiyahCentre for PeaceRM1.1 milRM2.6 mil As per charge sheetNasharudin

Najib

Zahid

Adnan

Rosmah

Musa

Foundations linked to AzeezGovernment linkedfoundationsYaPEIMFormer ExecutiveChairmanAllegations ofmismanagement of fundsYayasan Tabung HajiFormer TrusteeImplicated in aninvestigation over fundsYayasan PembangunanRakyat BalingUMNO linked foundationKelab Putera 1MalaysiaImplicated in aninvestigation of fundmismanagementBetter Nation FoundationPrivately linkedfoundationsYayasan Gerak FikirAzeez

Foundations linked to NasharudinGovernment linkedfoundationGlobal Movement ofModerates Foundation(GMMF)Embroiled in CBT caseYayasan NassarEmbroiled in CBT casePrivately linkedfoundationsYayasan Al-Quds MalaysiaNasharudin

Known donor to Yayasan Rahah, Yayasan 1MDB, and YR1M * As per 1MDB forfeiture suit As per court testimonies, funders to YR1M were 1MDB, Petronas and Genting Group 1MDB RM839K* Yayasan Rahah RM100 mil Yayasan 1MDB RM210 mil YR1M Genting Group RM230 mil Petronas RM3 mil Najib