CCNA: EIGRP CHEAT SHEET1
CCNA: EIGRP CHEAT SHEETKey CharacteristicsRouter ID (RID)Type: Advance Distance Vector or HybridAlgorithm: Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL)Standard: Cisco ProprietyAdministrative Distance:RID should be a valid IP address, not a 32-bit dotteddecimal numberCisco Routers uses the following criteria to select arouter ID:1. Internal Routes 902. External Routes 1703. Summary Routes 5Metric: CompositeTransport Protocol/Protocol Number: IP/88Routed Protocol Support: IP, IPX and AppleTalkAuthentication: Yes (MD5 only)Supports VLSM and Route Summarization: YesFastest ConvergenceMetric CalculationEIGRP uses a composite metric. Composite metricconsists of bandwidth, load, delay, reliability and MTUBy default, only bandwidth and delay are consideredMetric 256 x [(10 7/minimum-bandwidth) cumulative delay]Bandwidth is in kbps and delay is in micro-secondsMinimum bandwidth represents least bandwidth alongthe entire routeCumulative Delay represents the sum of all delayvalues for all links in the routeNeighbor DiscoveryEIGRP sends hellos on multicast address 126.96.36.199 todiscover potential neighbors. Hellos are always use unreliable deliveryTo become neighbors EIGRP routers must be agree onthe following parameters:188.8.131.52.Autonomous System (AS) numberSame primary subnetAuthentication (if used)K-values must match1. RID configured with “router-id” command2. If manual RID not configured, select the highestnumber IP address on any loopback interface in“up/up” state3. If loopback interfaces not configured, select thehighest number IP address on any non-loopbackinterface in “up/up” stateRoute Types and PreferenceInternal Routes: routes advertised within the same ASExternal Routes: routes imported from another routingdomain or ASInternal Routes are denoted with “D”External Routes are denoted with “EX”Routes Preference:1. Internal Routes (90) External Routes (170)EIGRP Table TypesEIGRP maintains three types of tables:1. Neighbor Table: keeps state information regardingneighbors, and is displayed using the “show ip eigrpneighbors” command2. Topology Table: EIGRP Update messages fill therouters’ EIGRP topology tables. Topology table can bedisplayed with “show ip eigrp topology” command3. (IP) Routing Table: Based on the contents of thetopology table, each router chooses its best routes andinstalls these routes in its respective IP routing table.The IP routing table is displayed with “show ip route”commandPacket TypesHello: used in neighbor discovery/recovery process, are always multicast and use unreliable delivery (noacknowledgement is required)Acknowledgment: are hello packets without any data and are always unicast & use unreliable deliveryUpdate: Convey route information. Updates are non-periodic, partial, bounded, can be unicast or multicast and usereliable deliveryQuery and Reply: used by DUAL finite state machine. Queries can be unicast or multicast and replies are alwaysunicast, using RTP.Topology ExchangeEIGRP exchanges topology updates on multicast address 184.108.40.206 using Reliable Transport Protocol (RTP)If an acknowledgment is not received for the multicast update, the update is then re-transmitted as unicast to theun-responsive neighbor. After 16 unicast re-transmission, the neighbor is declared deadEIGRP updates are:1. Non-Periodic: updates are sent only when some topological or metric change has occurred2. Partial: only relevant changes are advertised3. Bounded: updates are sent to affecting neighbors2
CCNA: EIGRP CHEAT SHEETTimersHello Time: 5 seconds for link faster than T1 and 60 seconds for T1 and slower linksHold Time: 3 times the hello. 15 seconds for links faster than T1 and 180 seconds for T1 and slower linksSmooth Round Trip Time (SRTT): the average time elapsed (in milliseconds) between the transmission of packet toneighbor and the receipt of acknowledgeRetransmission Timeout (RTO): time between subsequent unicast messages. It is the time that r
Cisco Routers uses the following criteria to select a routerID: 1. RIDconfiguredwith"router-id"command 2. If manual RID not configured, select the highest . Configuration Example: variance and unequal cost load balancing Router R1: interface loopback 0 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.255! interface serial 0/0 ip address 192.168.12.1 255 .